The blockade of the Gaza Strip is the ongoing land, air, and sea blockade of the Gaza Strip imposed by Israel and Egypt in , after Hamas took control of the Gaza Strip during the Battle of Gaza ,  seizing government institutions and replacing Fatah and other Palestinian Authority PA officials with Hamas members. Following the Hamas takeover, Egypt and Israel largely closed their border crossings with Gaza, on the grounds that Fatah had fled the Strip and was no longer able to provide security on the Palestinian side. Aboul Gheit explained that opening the Rafah border crossing would undermine the legitimacy of the Palestinian Authority. Imports declined, exports were blocked, and fewer Gazans were given exit permits to Israel and the West Bank. In and subsequent years, Abbas supported Egypt's crackdown on smuggling tunnels , which were Gaza's last lifeline to the outer world, and welcomed the flooding of the tunnels by Egypt in coordination with the PA. Gaza's manufacturing sector, once significant, shrunk by as much as 60 percent in real terms, due to the wars in the past 20 years and the blockade. Gaza's exports virtually disappeared since the imposition of the blockade.
Israeli disengagement from Gaza
BBC News - Profile: Gaza Strip
Despite the disengagement, the Gaza Strip is still considered by the United Nations , international human rights organisations and most legal scholars to be under military occupation by Israel,  though this is disputed by Israel and other legal scholars. The disengagement was proposed in by Prime Minister Ariel Sharon , adopted by the government in June , approved by the Knesset in February and enacted in August Israeli citizens who refused to accept government compensation packages and voluntarily vacate their homes prior to the August 15, deadline, were evicted by Israeli security forces over a period of several days. A total of 8, Jewish settlers from all 21 settlements in the Gaza Strip were relocated.
A guide to the Gaza Strip
Gaza and the West Bank are claimed by the State of Palestine. The territories of Gaza and the West Bank are separated from each other by Israeli territory. Both fell under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority ,  but Gaza has since June been governed by Hamas , a Palestinian Islamic organization  which came to power in free elections in It has been placed under an Israeli and U.
Four Palestinians, including three teen-agers, were shot dead and dozens were wounded by Israeli soldiers. Tens of thousands of Palestinians rallied in the Gaza Strip on Saturday to mark the anniversary of their mass protests along the Israeli border. Most demonstrators kept their distance from the border, though small crowds of activists approached the perimeter fence and threw stones and explosives toward Israeli troops on the other side. The forces fired tear gas and opened fire, killing four Palestinians and wounding